countries with left-hand traffic
The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively.This is so fundamental to traffic flow that it is sometimes referred to as the rule of the road. This basic rule eases traffic flow and reduces the risk of head-on collisions. Though originally most traffic drove on the left worldwide, today about 66.1% of the world's people live in right-hand traffic countries and 33.9% in left-hand traffic countries. About 72% of the world's total road distance carries traffic on the right, and 28% on the left.
Jurisdictions with left-hand traffic
Note: Italics indicates year of change to driving on the left.
Antigua and Barbuda
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
East Timor (drove on right 1928-1976)
Isle of Man
Japan (Okinawa 1978)Jersey
Papua New Guinea
|Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha|
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
British Virgin Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands
* Until late 1960s, imported vehicles from USA were fitted with left-hand drive layout
Total: 76 countries, territories and dependencies
- All traffic is generally required to keep right unless overtaking.
- Oncoming traffic is seen coming from the left.
- Left-turning traffic must cross oncoming traffic.
- Most traffic signs facing motorists are on the right side of the road.
- Traffic on roundabouts (traffic circles or rotaries) goes anticlockwise.
- Pedestrians crossing a two-way road look first for traffic from their left.
- The lane designated for normal driving and turning right is on the right.
- Most dual carriageway (divided highway) exits are on the right
- Other vehicles are generally overtaken (passed) on the left, though in some circumstances overtaking on the right is permitted.
- Most vehicles have the driving seat on the left.
- A right turn at a red light may be allowed after stopping.
- On roads without a footpath pedestrians may be advised to walk on the left.
Note: Italics indicates year of change to driving on the right.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Indian Ocean Territory
Burma (Myanmar) (1970)
Cape Verde (1928)
Central African Republic
China, mainland (1946)
Czech Republic (1939, details)Denmark 1793*
Republic of Macedonia
Northern Mariana Is.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
São Tomé and Príncipe (1928)
Sierra Leone (1971)
Spain (October 1924)
Sweden (1967 )
United Arab Emirates
United States (1792)
Wallis and Futuna
*1758 in Copenhagen, 1793 in the rest of Denmark
**In South Yemen
Total: 163 countries and territories
World map showing the driving directions for all countries and any changes that have occurred in the past starting with Finland's change in 1858.
Has always driven on the right (RHT).
Originally drove on the left, but now drives on the right.
Has always driven on the left (LHT).
Originally drove on the right, but now drives on the left.
Once had different rules of the road (depending on one's location), but now drives on the right.